Etiopathy is a method that uses exclusively manual techniques to treat the body's dysfunctions.

Etiopathy : principle and benefits of this manual therapy

Etiopathy is a method that uses exclusively manual techniques to treat the body's dysfunctions.

Origin of etiopathy

Created in 1963 by the Frenchman Christian Trédaniel, etiopathy is a method of reasoning that aims to
determine the causes of a health problem and to eliminate them by acting on them. Its intervention techniques are exclusively manual. The term "etiopathy" comes from the Greek aïtia ("cause") and pathos ("that which affects the body").

Etiopathy is part of a long tradition of manual therapies. As far back as Asklepios and Ambroise Paré, we can find traces of these techniques that are essential to maintaining the body in its natural state.

Christian Trédaniel's work led to the writing, in 1979, of Fundamental Principles of Etiopathic Medicine, a reference work that has been revised and corrected several times by the founder himself.

Etiopaths who agree to respect the ethical rules established by the profession are registered with the National Registry of Etiopaths (RNE). Since 1986, the RNE has sent a list of its practitioners to the Ministry of Health every year.

Since April 2015, etiopaths have been recognized as practicing a liberal health profession. Today, there are more than 600 practitioners throughout France.

Principle of etiopathy

Etiopathy is first and foremost a method of reasoning, analysis and understanding of pathological phenomena: it identifies the causes of dysfunctions in the human body and eliminates most of them using exclusively manual techniques.

The body is considered as a mechanism, certainly complex and accomplished, but which sometimes breaks down. The etiopath is the "mechanical engineer" of the human body, which he studies in depth in order to find the real origin of the breakdown, i.e. its cause, without confusing it with its effects.

Etiopathy thus focuses on determining the primary causes of the symptoms that affect the patient. By identifying these lesions, the etiopath goes back to the origin of the problem, treats it and permanently eliminates its effects. He uses precise manual techniques, inherited from ancestral healing techniques but revisited in light of the most recent anatomical data. It acts directly on the organs.

Etiopathy is a treatment method that combines a scientific analysis of pathological phenomena with manual action on the structures of the human body in order to normalize their relationships and functions.

What are the benefits of etiopathy?

The field of expertise of etiopaths is very broad and covers a large number of ailments. Using manual techniques on the joints, visceral or circulatory systems, etiopathy allows us to get to the cause of the symptoms in order to treat them.

It is a practice that has good results on children, particularly in relieving ear infections. Through various manual techniques, the etiopath restores the drainage of the middle ear and normalizes the circulation of the ENT sphere. Five to seven sessions are necessary to obtain a complete cure.

Etiopathy is also effective in treating traumatic problems such as sprains, but also lumbar, back and neck pain, which are also common among athletes. The problem, if treated quickly, can be resolved in just a few sessions. More specifically for runners, etiopathy can treat amenorrhea.

Etiopathy can also be used to relieve other ailments;

  •     the classic applications on the vertebral and locomotor apparatus, such as carpal tunnel syndrome, periarthritis, cervical pain, back pain, lumbago, cervico-brachial neuralgia, sciatic neuralgia, crural neuralgia, etc;    

  •     sprains, strains, dislocations.

The etiopath also provides solutions to the problems posed by

  •     ENT disorders: conjunctivitis, sinusitis, otitis, rhinitis, certain respiratory allergies;

  •     Respiratory system disorders: asthma, bronchitis;

  •     gastroenterological disorders: certain forms of hepatitis, constipation, diarrhea, bloating, colitis, heartburn, gastric reflux, aerophagia;

  •     general disorders: certain forms of depression, anxiety or insomnia;

  •     gynecological and urinary disorders: infertility, cystitis, incontinence, cycle disorders or painful sexual relations, disorders related to menopause, organ descent;

  •     in obstetrics: nausea, vomiting, repositioning of the fetus.

What is the difference between an osteopath and an etiopath?

Etiopathy and osteopathy are two very different professions. Although there is a certain closeness to osteopathy, etiopathy differs from it in the invisible part of its method, namely the etiopathic diagnosis, and in its much broader field of action.

As far as training is concerned, etiopaths follow a 6-year training program in one of the four schools accredited by the International Institute of Etiopathy. The curriculum combines theoretical and practical training. Throughout the six years of training, students complete practical internships with etiopaths and in etiopathic clinics.

An osteopath is trained in one of the 70 French schools of osteopathy. Depending on the school, the training program varies and can last from a few months to 5 years.

The treatment approach is also different. Etiopathy relies on the patient's symptoms in order to establish causal links based on anatomy, physiology and the clinic. In etiopathy, the major step is the search for causality, and manipulation is its ultimate goal. The treatment is solely mechanical; the practitioner's goal is to re-establish the correct mobility of the articular and visceral systems.

In osteopathy, practitioners practice energetics, fascia therapy and cranial therapy. Its analysis is based on the patient's globality. 

How is etiopathy practiced?

The etiopathic consultation is divided into two parts: the clinical etiopathic analysis and the treatment.

The etiopathic method is based on long-established laws that have been unanimously validated by the scientific community: physiological interrelationships, neurological and hormonal processes, etc.

Generally, two to six interventions are sufficient to treat common ailments. The treatment is longer in the case of chronic conditions. An etiopathic treatment does not require a maintenance consultation.

Contraindications to etiopathy

Strictly speaking, these are not contraindications, but rather areas in which etiopathy does not intervene.

Etiopathy does not act in cases of major damage (cancer, tumor, etc.), in imperative surgical indications or in cases of serious microbial invasions.

Although etiopathy uses gentle manual manipulation techniques to treat many everyday ailments, it is not a substitute for surgery or drug treatment when these are indispensable. In such a case, the etiopath will immediately refer the patient to the appropriate physician.

How does an etiotherapy session work?

Etiopathic reasoning is based on a logical and orderly approach:

  •     collecting the facts expressed by the patient through a rigorous interrogation (symptoms experienced, functional discomfort, limitations of movement felt, etc.);   

  •     elaboration of the etiopathic diagnosis: logical reasoning based on the elements collected in order to understand the real causes and to evaluate their possible resolution through etiopathic intervention;

  •     confirmation of the diagnosis through a thorough clinical examination if necessary;  

  •     evaluation of the degree of evolutivity, i.e. the seriousness or urgency of the situation.

The etiopathic diagnosis leads to the most appropriate therapeutic gestures to reduce the lesions observed. Following a consultation, the practitioner generally gives advice to the patient in order to make the benefits acquired during the session last.

The treatment proposed to each patient is therefore personalized according to his or her pathology and particularities. The practitioner acts exclusively manually, without any instruments or devices of any kind.

The etiopath intervenes by means of unforced joint mobilizations or specific tissue techniques aimed at the different systems involved in the patient's condition.

These precise gestures are aimed at the musculoskeletal structures as well as the digestive, genito-urinary and respiratory systems. They allow the restoration of the functions of the disturbed structures and are followed by a rapid improvement of the patient's condition. 

How to choose an etiopath?

The success of etiopathy has led some people to call themselves etiopaths without having the necessary skills. To avoid any confusion, it is essential to find out more beforehand.

In France, etiopathy is taught exclusively in four free faculties: Paris, Rennes, Toulouse and Lyon. Several health professionals (etiopaths, but also anatomists, radiologists, emergency physicians, surgeons, anesthesiologists, biologists, etc.) ensure that the theoretical and practical knowledge is properly acquired throughout the six-year training program.

Etiopathy has set up professional structures that allow it to ensure that the rigorous rules established are respected. In addition, given the increase in the number of etiopaths, the National Register of Etiopaths (RNE) has set up a permanent commission in charge of the professional control of installations. It ensures discipline and the respect of the ethical and deontological rules of the profession.

Feel free to consult the list of etiopaths in France, published by the French Institute of Etiopathy. It groups together practitioners who have graduated from the four free faculties of etiopathy and who are committed to practicing etiopathy exclusively and to respecting its ethical rules.

How much does an etiopathy consultation cost?

The fees charged for an etiopathy consultation range from 50 to 70 euros, depending on the region and the city. Other factors are taken into account when justifying the price of the consultation, such as the experience or reputation of the etiopath. Etiopathic treatments are not reimbursed by Medicare. Ask your health insurance company for more information.